Ken Levine, of M*A*S*H and CHEERS fame (among other great shows) knows just about everything there is to know about writing comedy. And if he doesn’t know it he can make it up…and be funny about that too. He’s giving a seminar called the SITCOM ROOM in L.A. the weekend of October 26-27. Here’s the kind of thing you’ll learn:
The Comedy Rule-of-Threes
by Ken Levine
This has been one of the staple of comedy for years. (It’s also been called the Comic Triple, which is different from when Prince Fielder gets a three-base-hit, like he miraculously did in the All-Star Game).
But how does it work?
The Rule-of-Threes establishes a pattern and then ends with something unexpected.
Lame example: “We serve lasagna, spaghetti, and poi.”
Usually two items are sufficient to establish the pattern. Three is overkill.
“We serve lasagna, spaghetti, linguini, and poi.”
We get it with two. And we’re now so conditioned to the rhythm of threes that anything more seems wrong.
But there are some traps.
You must be very careful that the two first items clearly establishes the pattern you’re setting up. You don’t want the audience to have to work to make the connection.
Lame bad example: “The Giants, Detroit, and the Teamsters.”
Better would be “The Giants, the Tigers, and the Teamsters.”
In both cases you’re setting up major league baseball teams but the second version is clearer.
Another lame bad example: “The Reds, the Blues, and the Teamsters.”
Reds and Blues could be referring to how states line up politically, they could be two professional sports teams, they could be two drugs. Eliminate any confusion.
You hurt the punchline if one of the setups is funny.
“Linda, Moon Unit, and Mother Teresa.”
Some call that a joke-on-a-joke and while proponents argue it’s a laugh-on-a-laugh, more often the two jokes cancel each other out. It’s okay that the set up be straight. Save the funny for the payoff.
“Larry, Moe, and Shemp.”